What is hypertension (high blood pressure)?

Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of blood vessels. Hypertension or high blood pressure is having a blood pressure higher than 140 over 90 mmHg, meaning that the systolic reading (the pressure as the heart pumps blood around the body) is over 140 mmHg (millimeters of mercury) or the diastolic reading (as the heart relaxes and refills with blood) is over 90 mmHg.

High blood pressure that has no known cause is termed primary hypertension (or essential hypertension). This is more common than secondary hypertension, which has an identified cause such as chronic kidney disease. Primary hypertension is generally thought to be brought on by factors associated with lifestyle such as diet, obesity, stress or anxiety.

Hypertension usually occurs without any symptoms initially, but over time it can lead to problems in the organs affected by high blood pressure as well as conditions like hypertensive heart disease, coronary artery disease.

Yoga for Hypertension

Shavasana, the corpse pose is a yogic relaxation pose and emphasis is given to slow, rhythmic and relaxed breathing. It decreases the heart rate, and the blood pressure. In addition it reduces the metabolic rate, gives deep relaxation, reduces anxiety and stress, and improves sleep

In Anulom Vilom pranayama, breathing is done only through one nostril which is alternated. During this process, the other nostril is closed using the fingers. The thumb is used to close the right nostril and the ring finger is used to close the left nostril. Anulom Vilom pranayam is reduces blood pressure, heart blockages, depression. It energises the body and works effectively to relieve stress and anxiety